Nutrition is the biological and physical process by which an organisms uses food to sustain its existence. It entails absorption, assimilation, secretion, metabolism and digestion. Nutrition can be described in terms of the food components that provide the metabolic energy required to maintain the normal activities of an organisms. There are five classes of nutritional foods or macro-nutrients and they are carbohydrates, protein, fats, minerals and vitamins. The banana stands out among the other macro-nutrients as it provides all the nutrients required by an organism.
It can be categorized into two categories, carbohydrate and protein. Both are required by all the organisms for life but the difference lies in the kind of energy production mechanism employed by the cells. Macromolecular metabolism is a process that involves synthesis of carbohydrates by heterotrophic bacteria and heterotrophic fungi, and starch conversion by glycolysis. Banana Nutrition brings together macromolecular metabolism and Banana Nutrition to bring you a new energy drink mixotrophs that can improve your health, even at a young age.
Plants are classified into four groups according to their food type and the classification is further divided into vegetative, angiogenic, vertebrate and phengroid. Animals differ in their diet and human beings fall under the classification of vertebrate or animals as there are several distinct species of animals that provide human nutrition. Vegetable nutrition is that part of nutrition that is provided by living plants and the fruits and vegetables are part of the animal nutrition.
Nutritional science has traced back to ancient times when man and his ancestors discovered that eating certain kinds of foods can keep him alive and well even when hunger struck. This was the time when people realized that not all the abundant food sources could be consumed easily and that what was necessary was an alternate source of nourishment. The first course of action was the search for alternative foods that were easy to grow and harvest in large quantities. Thus, cultivation of crops was initiated and eventually the domestication of animals was bound to occur. This was followed by the use of such animals as cattle, sheep, ostriches and so on for meat.
Biotechnology too is based on the premise of ensuring nutrition that is safe for humans by dealing with the inherent problems of heterotrophic nutrition. It works on the principle of genetic engineering by introducing foreign genes that are useful for the production of different types of enzymes. The introduction of these enzymes does not affect the natural functioning of the organism and the heterotrophic organisms are thus allowed to proliferate. These heterotrophic organisms do not need sunlight to produce energy. In order to serve human beings, heterotrophic nutrients are introduced in food. These nutrients are then converted by the different microorganisms present in the gut of the human body into energy that the human body requires.
A major part of ensuring good nutrition lies in the food choices that we make. Although good nutrition is essential to maintain good health, many of us have made our food choices in ways that have resulted in us acquiring nutrient poor foods. A common thread in these choices is the consumption of processed or convenience foods.
A diet that lacks in necessary nutrients is like driving a car with a broken wheel. You cannot function properly and keep your vehicle running smoothly if you do not fix the problem. What is required is a concerted plan that involves a change in lifestyle and the consumption of nutrient rich foods. Nutrient rich diets should comprise fresh fruits and vegetables, whole grains, dairy products, lean meats and fish.
Our body’s requirement for the various nutrients including minerals is known as our daily nutritional requirement. A deficiency in one particular nutrient can result in a variety of other symptoms including anemia, osteoporosis and mineral deficiencies. Hence, it is very important to ensure good nutrition by consuming the right kind of food at the right time. It is important to consume a balanced diet comprised of a mixture of different food types to ensure that you get all the vitamins, minerals, proteins, carbohydrates and fat that are needed for good health.
The importance of nutrition can be a bit over stated. Many people think that if they can only count calories that they will be alright. Unfortunately, that is not how it works. In order to maintain good health you need the proper levels of nutrition.
Both banana and weight gain green vegetables are excellent dietary sources of nutrition. Both are rich in vitamins. To better understand the differences, see the nutrition infographic at the end of this article. Bananas have more calories, than both spinach and weight gain green vegetables. Each banana contains approximately 89 calories per serving, while each green vegetable has approximately 77 calories.
Banana has many health benefits. It has more potassium than any other fruit. The potassium found in bananas is essential to human life. Without it, the body would soon begin to lose fluids. Bananas have an impressive amount of dietary fibers. Fiber aids with digestion and helps to remove waste from the body.
Sweet potatoes are another good source of potassium. However, unlike bananas, sweet potatoes have a relatively high amount of calories. This is because of the presence of both sugar and fat. Therefore, in order to get the health benefits of potassium it is important to remove these items from your diet.
Another nutrient abundant vegetable is sweet potato. Sweet potatoes are also rich in vitamin c. As a result, they may increase the immune system. This means that you may reduce your risk of contracting colds and other viral diseases. In addition to helping to keep the immune system strong, sweet potatoes have a high amount of magnesium. Magnesium helps make your nervous system work properly, which is why many believe that it helps reduce the symptoms of Alzheimer’s disease.
Yet another vegetable that is rich in nutrition is the root crop, or more accurately, the root vegetables. Carrots, radishes, and sweet potatoes contain a surprising amount of potassium and fiber. Potatoes contain only a small amount. However, if you eat them regularly you can actually improve your health.
If you are suffering from diabetes then you should include sweet potato in your diet. Not only do they contain potassium but they are also rich in fiber. Potassium and fiber go hand in hand as they help maintain proper levels in your blood pressure and help decrease inflammation.
So if you want to enjoy a long healthy life then eat a nice piece of sweet potato, preferably organic. You can eat them raw or cooked. Make sure that you only buy potatoes that are high in nutrition content. Always remember that what you eat reflects your physical health. That’s why it is important for you to know your type 2 diabetes nutrition so that you can enjoy a long and disease free life.
Another super food is the acai berry. It is often referred to as the wonder berry. This super food contains a large quantity of antioxidants. High blood pressure and type 2 diabetes are at an increased risk due to the increase in blood sugar levels. The antioxidants found in acai berry help to lower your blood sugar.
In addition to these two super foods, there are other fruits that are loaded with antioxidants. Apples, apricots, cherries, grapes, oranges, papaya, mangoes, and watermelons are all great choices. The reason why sweet potatoes are loaded with beta carotene is because of the way the body converts the beta carotene to Vitamin A. In this case it is the antioxidants in the fruit that do the conversion instead of the beta carotene itself.
There are several different ways to incorporate fruits and vegetables into your diet and still be on the right track to maintaining proper nutrition. Including at least one serving of fruit per day is the minimum recommended daily intake of fruits and vegetables. Adding foods such as sweet potato to your diet will not only add extra sources of vitamins, but it will also help protect against illness caused by low vitamin D levels.
Sweet potatoes are packed full of vitamins and can be incorporated into any number of recipes. They make excellent base foods for a variety of meat and rice dishes, as well as potato salad. The addition of the aforementioned super foods to your diet will not only add extra sources of vitamin C, but will also provide you with the antioxidant protection of fruits and vegetables. If you enjoy having sweet potatoes on hand, you should start stocking up on them. In addition to being one of the most delicious desserts you can eat, they are also one of the healthiest options you have for eating fresh from the store.
Sports Nutrition is the study and discipline of diet and nutrition especially with regards to enhancing any person’s athletic performance. Sports Nutrition is a rapidly growing and dynamic area of research that has the potential to revolutionize how we eat and exercise today. Nutrition is a very important aspect of all sports training regimes, being equally popular in endurance sports and strength sports as well. Sports Nutrition is also becoming more specialized, with athletes’ bodies varying so much from one another.
The primary goal of sports nutrition is to fuel the body for an active and fit performance, but this is not the end result. Sports Nutrition deals more with the process of feeding the right nutrients to the right parts of the body. Although this is a very broad topic, there are three critical areas of Sports Nutrition that almost always receive undue attention when people talk about sports nutrition. These are aerobic exercise, resistance training, and protein supplementation. Let’s take a closer look at these areas and identify how they can impact your athletes’ health and training programs. By the time you’re finished reading this article, you’ll have a good idea of the types of foods that are most important for your athletes.
When an athlete performs, their metabolism is operating on a highly efficient, natural process. As oxygen enters the body and is depleted, the heart rate slows down causing lactic acid to build up. Lactic acid is one of the major causes of fatigue during intense exercise and is one of the reasons why an athlete might feel “off.” For this reason, when an athlete consumes sports nutrition, they should focus on eating several small meals throughout the day, instead of consuming large amounts of food at one sitting or exercise session.
The second area of Sports Nutrition that athletes need to pay close attention to is post-exercise nutrition. During and after exercise, the body needs many nutrients to help replenish glycogen and energy. Eating a meal immediately following exercise will supply the athlete with the necessary fuel, but consuming a meal several hours later may not be as beneficial. To address this issue, some sports nutritionists recommend consuming a meal several hours after exercising. The main issue with this type of eating is that the athlete has had a chance to consume his or her regular diet again. This process of re-hydration is extremely important to optimize the athlete’s performance and prevent possible dehydration.
Another consideration is what type of food to eat after an activity. An athlete should consider what their body needs for the next exercise and then plan their food consumption around this. If an individual has not had enough rest, for instance, he or she will likely have to eat larger meals in order to provide the energy that is required. Similar to eating right before exercising, if you don’t get enough sleep your body does not have the resources it needs to function properly. If you want to make the most of your exercise physiology knowledge, you should consider researching the best foods to eat after your workout.
One of the most important nutrient recommendations for athletes is creatine. Creatine is naturally produced by the human body and helps the body build muscle. Like many other sports nutrition supplements, however, there are a number of debates concerning whether or not creatine should be consumed prior to, during, or after exercise. For this reason, most professional athletes agree that athletes should wait at least 24 hours before consuming creatine in order to allow the supplement to effectively enter the body.
As you can see, the best way to ensure optimal performance and the optimal health of an athlete is by consulting a sports nutritionist and incorporating the recommendations provided by them into your everyday diet. If you have access to the internet, you should also research some of the best ergogenic aids on the market today. These products can help improve strength and improve endurance while also increasing the ability to focus during your workout. For a better understanding of ergogenic aids, check out our resource box.
The bottom line is that a sports nutritionist can give you some great advice on how to keep your body primed and ready for exercise. Remember, the body doesn’t always know what to do (especially under stress), so finding a supplement that can help get you through those tough moments is a good idea. If you’re not sure about creatine or another ergogenic aid, don’t be afraid to speak to a professional. They can give you some expert advice on what is best for you – whether it be a high-glucose or non-GMO product. Just remember that your health is ultimately your responsibility, and anything you decide to put into your body should be done with the utmost care.
Everyone knows that nutrition is important. But not everyone is aware that the proper nutrients are found in just about every food that we eat. It is important for people to understand what these nutrients actually are and how they are related to good health and great weight loss. This way people can enjoy delicious foods without worrying about their nutrition.
Carbohydrates and Proteins There are two main groups of nutrients: carbohydrates and proteins. Both play a major role in nutrition but the type of carbohydrates and proteins vary greatly. Most fruits and vegetables are considered to be a complete source of carbohydrates while some examples of carbohydrates include pasta, rice, breads, cereals, potatoes, rice, and some fruits.
Sweet Potatoes Good source of fiber and vitamin b6 Sweet potatoes are a complete source of carbohydrates and vitamin b6, including beta carotene, which converts into vitamin A when eaten. One of the major benefits of sweet potato is they are high in an essential nutrient called beta carotene, that converts into vitamin A when eaten. Vitamin A is vital for good vision, skin, and healthy teeth. However, most sweet potatoes are processed before they are used so they contain the nutrient called aspartame, which has been linked to the development of certain cancers. While aspartame is commonly used as a marketing ploy, the sweet potato is an excellent source of nutrition.
Legumes, Beans, and Rice We all know that beans are an excellent source of fiber and protein but what many of us don’t realize is they are also a fantastic source of nutrients including almost all the essential vitamins and minerals as well as iron. Legumes such as black beans, chickpeas, kidney beans, Lima beans, garbanzo beans, and pigeon peas, are an excellent source of protein and carbohydrates. In fact, these legumes, beans, and rice are so nutritious, there are no unwanted calories and are very easy to prepare and cook.
Gluten-Free Foods It is difficult to get the recommended daily allowance of gluten, the protein found in wheat and rye, for our bodies as we need it in small quantities for human consumption. However, there are alternatives such as grains, oats, corn, soy products, and potatoes which provide an excellent source for nutrition and are also gluten-free. Some fruits, such as papaya, mangoes, bananas, and oranges, are naturally gluten-free too. It is important to make note of which foods are considered ‘gluten-free’ and which ones do not.
Sweeteners are used for flavor and for their chemical composition, which can affect our health. There are three major types of sugars: sucrose, fructose, and lactose. The fructose and lactose are derived from dairy and animal products, whereas sucrose is usually found in fruit juices. A diet low in sugar can lead to obesity and may increase our blood pressure.
Potatoes and bananas are rich in potassium, iron, magnesium, zinc, phosphorus, copper, manganese, and vitamins A, C, E, and B complex. They have a low glycemic index and are easily digested by our bodies. Asparagus is rich in potassium and has a low Glycemic Index. Olives and grapefruit are rich sources of antioxidants, which can prevent cell damage, reduce the risk of cardiovascular diseases, prevent carcinogens, and reduce blood pressure. Carrots have beta carotene and other valuable nutrients that improve vision and may also prevent certain cancers.
Nutrition Facts The above-mentioned foods are a small sample of a few of the many nutritious snacks, cereals, fruits, vegetables, legumes, nuts, seeds, and other foods that we could eat on a daily basis and reap the benefits. We don’t need expensive or complicated diets. Eating whole foods in their natural form, such as fresh vegetables, fruits, legumes, whole grains, and healthy snacks can provide a variety of nutrition benefits. Eating potatoes are an excellent source of vitamin K, potassium, magnesium, and other minerals that improve our health.
Sports Nutrition is the systematic study and implementation of diet and nutrition when it comes to enhancing anyone’s sporting performance. Nutrition is a very important component of all sports training regimes, being equally popular in endurance and strength sports. Nutritional needs of athletes vary depending on their physical activities and intensity. This is where sports nutritionists come into play. It is also their main job to create a proper diet plan and meal schedule for the athletes to facilitate peak performance
The diet that you take is not enough to maximise your potential, especially when it comes to peak performance and training intensity. You will need all the help you can get in implementing a comprehensive sports nutrition plan. An ideal diet is one that has an adequate intake of carbohydrates, proteins, minerals and vitamins, with the right amount of saturated fats and low levels of salt. Sports nutritionists often advise athletes to increase their intake of carbohydrates, protein and sodium by up to 40% of daily intake to enhance muscle mass, improve hydration and promote energy. But how much and how fast do you need to intake?
Generally speaking sports nutritionists will advise an individual to eat four meals per day, spread throughout the day. Breakfast should be taken first thing in the morning. A good breakfast provides the body with the necessary energy to carry on with the rest of the day’s activities. Common breakfast items include eggs, oatmeal, and cereal. For the late afternoon and early evening, a light meal consisting of lean meat such as chicken or fish is ideal. Snacks can be consumed around two hours before competition, during breaks or immediately after the competition.
Each meal has to be balanced and provide the right proportion of each nutrient. An athletes nutritional dietitian will help you choose the perfect meal that meets your specific needs. One of the biggest benefits of sports nutrition is providing the right fuel for competition. The ideal fuel has been shown to improve performance goals and reduce recovery time. Carbohydrates are the main source of energy for most athletes, therefore they should be the first ingredient in your sports diet. Eating a wide range of carbohydrate sources such as whole grain bread, rice, pasta and cereals; and taking part in regular exercise can increase the amount of carbohydrates eaten and this will reduce recovery time.
Creatine is one of the most important nutrients for an athlete’s muscle growth and performance. A combination of creatine and glutamine has shown to have a dramatic effect on muscle growth and strength. Glutamine is an amino acid which is stored in muscle and is mainly used during intense exercise when muscles are at their most stressed. Glutamine can also be found in the human brain, which makes it important to ensure adequate levels are maintained. Sports nutrition specialist can advise on the best creatine and glutamine supplements to use.
Another important nutrient for active individuals is sodium, which can lead to high sodium consumption when consuming food. This is especially true for sports nutrition professionals advising athletes to stay away from salty foods when exercising. As well as sodium, potassium is also found in plenty in vegetables and fruits so is often overlooked by athletes when thinking about nutrition and working out. Potassium helps to regulate blood pressure and is a vital nutrient for athletes.
Protein plays a vital role in building strong muscles and also has many benefits when working out. Protein is a building block of all living things and is used in the body’s metabolism. Proper timing with proteins consumed during intense exercise is essential for maximising workout and reducing recovery time. Whey protein and casein are examples of high quality protein that can help to maximise protein usage. Other sports nutrition include timing of carbohydrates, fats and essential vitamins.
Many people underestimate the importance of drinking liquids when training and competing. Dehydration is common in competitive sports and can lead to muscle damage, inflammation and soreness. Sports nutrition professionals recommend that athletes drink around 2 litres of water per hour, however this should not be carried on an empty stomach to avoid water retention. Sports nutrition drinks are available at most health and nutrition stores. Hydration drinks are made from natural sugar and provide the body with energy and nutrients. Sports nutrition drinks provide a wide range of benefits but should be used in conjunction with diet and exercise to achieve maximum results.
Sports Nutrition is the process and research of diet and nutrition especially with regards to enhancing anyone’s athletic performance on a physical level. Nutrition is an important component of all sports training programs, being equally popular in endurance sports like long distance running and high impact aerobics. Studies show that consuming an adequate amount of protein, calories, amino acids, essential vitamins, minerals, carbohydrates and fat is very crucial for athletes. These are the four pillars of sports nutrition.
Athletes need balanced nutrition especially when engaging in competitive sports. In order to maximize athletic performance and minimize any health risks, one has to be knowledgeable about their nutritional needs. Being an athlete requires good dietary support in order to get enough hydration, enough fuel for high intensity exercise and ample rest for recovery and recuperation. Sports nutritionist and professional athletes are well aware of the importance of hydration, electrolytes, amino acids, protein and the importance of carbohydrate intake to optimize sporting performances.
As part of sports nutrition, athletes should ensure that they take in the right amount of protein and essential nutrients to maintain muscle development, repair damaged tissues and improve performance and provide energy to complete exercises. Sports nutritionist have studied for years, how much is enough for an athlete’s diet in order to sustain muscle mass, enhance training intensity and reduce body fat. One of the best ways to get the required amount of nutrients is by taking a multivitamin/mineral supplement. These supplements should contain all the essential vitamins and minerals that an athlete needs for optimum functioning.
Protein is one of the most important nutrients needed by the body for muscle growth, repair and other energy-intensive processes. Whey protein and egg protein are the best sources of protein for sports nutrition. Other sports nutrition supplements containing protein include glutamine, creatine and casein. Creatine is also one of the best sports nutrition supplements as it helps in improving energy levels, strength and muscle mass and can also help in creatine absorption and utilization by the body. Casein is another nutrient that is commonly used as an added source of protein and serves the purpose of improving muscle mass, strength and the immune system.
Athletic trainers often recommend athletes to keep track of fluid intake while exercising. During competition, athletes may require up to eight quarts of fluid every hour to replace waste products, increase metabolism, and facilitate muscle recovery. Hydration also plays an important role in physical training and endurance and it is especially vital for runners and basketball players. To attain adequate fluid intake during sports, athletes should follow guidelines provided by athletic trainers. For example, athletes with kidney disease or those who suffer from high blood pressure or diabetes are required to consume less water. Moreover, athletes are advised to keep track of their fluid intake during exercise physiology classes.
One of the primary goals of sports nutrition is to create a balance between carbohydrate and fat consumption for optimal metabolism and energy levels. Carbohydrates include glucose and other glucose-like sugars, and proteins such as proteins, which can be derived from meat, poultry, fish, eggs and legumes. Foods that are rich in carbohydrates and protein are recommended by most athletes as they provide energy to the athlete. However, studies indicate that athletes with abnormal eating habits, including dietitians and professional athletes with the metabolic syndrome may not meet their goals of maintaining muscle mass and strength, despite meeting adequate nutrient requirements through diet and exercise. Athletes with the metabolic syndrome have high blood sugar and low levels of insulin; therefore, they may fail to meet their carbohydrate and protein requirements.
Additional sources of fluids that are recommended by many sports nutritionists and other experts include fruit juices and plain water. Consuming plain water is encouraged because it can help replenish electrolytes lost during intense physical activity. Aside from beverages and sports nutrition shakes, athletes are also encouraged to take in food that is rich in fiber, such as whole grains and vegetables. Foods that are rich in fiber are also recommended because this type of food aids in the regular digestion of food and prevents constipation. Vegetables such as broccoli, spinach, cabbage, turnips, and carrots are excellent sources of fiber. Consuming enough of these vegetables can lower the risk of developing diseases such as irritable bowel syndrome.
The consumption of sports nutrition products may not be necessary for all athletes. There are athletes who can still satisfy their nutritional needs through exercise, and those who are able to do it without the help of sports nutritionists. Those athletes who are diagnosed with an abnormal eating habit and unable to meet their nutritional needs through diet and exercise are encouraged to consult with a professional nutritionist who can suggest sports nutrition products that can help them meet their goals.